The urinary tract is the human body system body responsible for removing the waste and excess water from the body. The entire system comprises of kidneys, bladder, urethra, and ureters. The kidney’s role in the system is to filter the blood and remove the waste material and excessive water to form urine. It is passed down to the ureters and stored in the bladder until it passes out through the urethra or urination. The urinary tract is sub-categorized into the lower urinary tract and upper urinary tract. The upper tract comprises the ureters and kidneys, and the lower urinary tract comprises the urethra and bladder. It would help if you kept in mind various things before visiting a doctor, and following the rule of prevention is better than cure.
Causes of urinary tract infections
Urinary Tract Infection or UTI is usually caused by the microbes like the bacteria that conquer the body’s defenses in the urinary tract. Several conditions may be caused due to various factors, including dehydration, infections, etc. This condition is also popularly known by various names like:
- Urethra Infection
- Bladder Infection
- Water Infection
- Kidney Infection
Causes of Water Infection
The microbes like bacteria invade your system through the urethra and travel to the bladder cause water or urinary tract infection. Usually, these microbes are flushed away by the system through urination. But, sometimes, it remains back and multiplies in number to cause infection in the bladder.
Factors Causing UTI or Water Infection in Women
- Menopause – During this phase, women experience an increase in pH level, reduction in lubrication and elasticity, and changes in the urethra and vagina lining, leading to water infection in women.
- Sexual Activity – The risk of having water infection increases in women that have sexual intercourse frequently.
- Urinary Catheter – This easily introduces microbes to the bladder directly, causing water infection
- Diabetes – Uncontrolled diabetes, where the level of sugar in the urine is higher, can cause water infection. The high level of sugar in urine feeds the bacteria and stimulates them to multiply in large numbers.
- Personal Hygiene Habits
- Irritants like soaps
- Blockage of Urinary Tract
- Weight of the fetus during pregnancy
- Incorrectly placed tampon
- Genital prolapsed
- Vaginal infections
Factors Causing UTI or Water Infection in Men
- The enlarged prostate hinders the bladder from emptying it properly. As a result, the bladder still has remaining urine in it, where the bacteria are more likely to develop and multiply and cause water infection in men.
- Kidney or bladder problems may also cause water infection in men. Kidney infection or kidney stone usually causes the urine to pool and prevents the bladder from emptying, leading to urinary tract infection.
- Using urinary catheters can also cause UTI in men. The catheter exposes the bladder to the bacteria directly, and it causes UTI.
- A poor immune system is also responsible for causing UTI in men.
Symptoms of Water Infection
The symptoms of water infection or UTI may vary depending upon the condition and severity. However, the most common symptom is sudden changes in urination. Along with the progression of the infection, you may also experience pain while urinating. Some of the common symptoms include:
- Frequent Urination than normal
- Bloody or cloudy urination
- Burning or pain when urinating
- Foul smell in the urine
- Pressure or cramping in the lower abdomen or lower back
- The sensation of having to urinate or urgency of urination
Patients may experience back pain as it is associated with pain in the kidney during UTI. They may experience pain on both sides of their back, along with the middle of the back. Having pain in the back indicates that the infection has spread to your kidneys. Infection in the kidney may also accompany low fever.
Diagnosing of Water Infection
The doctor will conduct a test called urinalysis to diagnose the urinary tract infection. Your urine will be collected to check the presence of
- Red and white blood cells
- Other chemicals that are available in your urine that may be responsible for a water infection
A urine culture test will be performed to determine the type of bacteria present in the urine. After tracking the type of bacteria, the doctor will test the bacteria for antibiotic sensitivity to identify the best antibiotic type that can be used to treat the infection.
Treatment of Water Infection or UTI
Water infection or Urinary Tract Infection can be treated with prescription medications that focus on eliminating the bacteria responsible for infection and alleviating the burning sensation and pain. However, some natural treatments available for water infection can help you alleviate the symptoms and cure the infection naturally.
Natural Treatment for UTI
Drinking plenty of water regularly can help you flush away the bacteria from your bladder through urine. Doctors also suggest taking over-the-counter ascorbic acid like vitamin C or cranberry juice to increase the level of acid in the urine, killing the bacteria. The cranberry juice will also prevent the bacteria from sticking to the bladder walls, thus preventing them from causing further UTI.
With few lifestyle changes also you can treat the water infection or UTI naturally. Apart from drinking plenty of fluids, it would be best if you also focused on reducing the intake of tea, alcoholic drinks, and coffee as these drinks can irritate the bladder. You must avoid eating food that can irritate the bladder while the infection is present, especially foods that are high in acid content and amino acids.
Moreover, it would help if you urinate as soon as you feel full and avoid using feminine hygiene sprays, powders, or douches. Taking showers in place of baths is essential during UTI, and using cotton clothes and loose-fitting attire is suggested.
These were some of the lifestyle changes that you need to include in your daily habit to reduce the irritation, pain, and agony of urinary tract infections. If nothing works for your water infection, then seeking medical attention is suggested before the condition worsens.