Understanding Age: What Happens to your body as you Grow Old

Understanding Age: What Happens to your body as you Grow Old

Everyone knows some of the things that’ll happen as you grow older, from your hair turning grey to wrinkles on your skin these are the things that the youth have come. But other than visual appearance many people don’t know what happens to their body as they grow older and underestimate how important it is to look after their bodies while they’re young so they can age well. Growing old affects almost every single part of your body and if you don’t know how then keep reading to find out what happens to your body as you grow old.

Cardiovascular System

The cardiovascular system changes massively as you grow old, young people tend to be fitter as their cardiovascular system works well. As you grow older your cardiovascular system becomes less efficient, arteries and blood vessels begin to stiffen which forces your heart to work much harder just to pump blood around your body. It’s important to do lots of cardiovascular exercises while you’re young so as it worsens when you age you won’t be at high risk of developing cardiovascular problems. Other ways to help are to eat more healthy food than fatty foods, to quit smoking if you’re a smoker, and avoid high-stress situations as being too stressed can have a negative impact on your heart.

Bones and Muscles

When you’re young if you break a bone it mends itself quickly and it usually takes a lot of force to break a bone as they’re very resilient. As you age your bones are very susceptible to fractures and the repair time will be much longer. Your muscles lose strength and flexibility naturally as you grow old, this has negative impacts on your balance. To help maintain some of the strength of your bones and muscles then you again have to take action whilst you’re young. Calcium is extremely important for bone strength so whilst you’re young make sure you’re consuming the recommended daily amount of calcium, which is at 1,000mg currently. By doing this you’ll make sure your bones are strong as you age so any weakening will have less of an impact. Other important actions include getting enough vitamin D, participating in physical activity several times a week, and limiting how much you smoke and drink as this affects your bones just as much as your heart.

Hormone Levels

The change in hormone levels affects people differently depending on if they are male or female. Around age 50 women stop producing as much estrogen and progesterone from their ovaries, when this happens your body tries to adapt and your pituitary gland attempts to compensate by producing more of a hormone called the follicle-stimulating hormone. This is what causes menopause, it’s inevitable and there is no way to avoid it. Unfortunately, it can have many unpleasant side effects including hot flashes, depression, and vaginal dryness. Some people take a combined estrogen and progesterone pill to try and relive some of these symptoms but taking this pill may potentially have side effects such as a higher risk of stroke and cardiovascular disease, more research needs to be done.

The change in hormone levels affects men differently from women. As men age, their body starts to produce less testosterone. This affects your body in many ways, it affects your strength and the size of your muscles, parallel to in women it can cause low libido, it can also cause erectile dysfunction and depression. To help you can increase your testosterone levels with this Testo-boosters, this will help to ease many of the symptoms associated with male menopause. A consistently healthy diet and regular exercise can also help to fight these symptoms.

Digestive System

Growing old also impacts your digestive system. It causes structural change within the large intestine which leads to increased constipation among old people, your digestive system will also become much more sensitive to things such as supplements like iron which your body needs, this also causes more constipation. Again, to help make this less likely whilst you’re young you should exercise regularly, eat a healthy diet and when you are older it’s important not to ignore the need for a bowel movement as this can also cause constipation.


As you grow older your bladder loses a lot of the elasticity it has whilst you’re young, when you lose this elasticity you’ll need to use the toilet a lot more frequently. As you age your bladder muscles weaken which means it can be difficult to empty your bladder or you can lose control of your pelvic floor muscles and be unable to stop yourself from urinating. One of the main things that will cause this to happen as you age is if you are overweight or if you consume too much alcohol. To help avoid this it’s important to maintain a healthy weight throughout your life and if you smoke then quit smoking as young as you can. Kegel exercises can also massively help if you lose bladder control, by strengthening these muscles you’ll be able to maintain control of your bladder.


Your brain is also affected when you age which affects how you think, this can be distressing when you’re older so it’s important to stay sharp mentally, playing word or number games is a great way to preserve your cognitive health.

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