Medically the condition of slow pulse rate is referred to as “Bradycardia,” where the person has a heart rate or pulse rate below 60 beats per minute. This condition will be a serious medical issue when it accompanies other side effects that point to some other root causes of slow pulse rate. Having a slow pulse rate can also be an alarming symptom of a changed state of health.
When should you be concerned
The best rates are needed to get more grounded with customary beats. There is a consistently equivalent period between two pulsates, and a low or moderate heartbeat rate demonstrates that the heart is thumping at a more slow speed than typical. Having a moderate heartbeat rate can likewise be a disturbing indication of having other medical problems. It also demonstrates that your heart isn’t siphoning blood as it is expected to. There are numerous fundamental reasons for a moderate heartbeat rate. It normally happens when the common electrical driving forces taking care of the pace of the heart’s siphoning activity get disturbed. If the moderate heartbeat rate goes with different indications like energy, swooning, weariness on slight effort, then it is an ideal opportunity to look for guaranteed consideration.
Having below normal pulse rate isn’t always a health issue indeed. It is normal for some people to have a slow pulse rate, especially in sportsperson and athletes. Medically, the slow pulse rate condition is referred to as “Bradycardia,” where the person has a heart rate or pulse rate below 60 beats per minute. This condition will be a serious medical issue when it accompanies other side effects that point to some other root causes of slow pulse rate. Having a slow pulse rate can also be an alarming symptom of a changed state of health.
The slow pulse rate indicates that the heart is not functioning normally. The pulse rate can easily be measured by placing two fingers on the wrist joint’s radial artery. Some of the other areas where the pulse rate can be measured include the neck region over the carotid artery, the feet on the dorsalis pedis artery, and the groin area over the femoral artery.
Causes of Low Pulse Rate
Usually, the pulse rates are required to get stronger with regular beats. There is always an equal time interval between two beats, and a low or slow pulse rate indicates that the heart is beating at a slower pace than normal. Having a slow pulse rate can also be an alarming sign of having other health issues, and it also indicates that your heart is not pumping blood as it intended to. There are many underlying causes of a slow pulse rate. It usually occurs when the natural electrical impulses handling the rate of the heart’s pumping action get disrupted. If the slow pulse rate accompanies other symptoms like giddiness, fainting, and fatigue on slight exertion, it is time to seek immediate attention. Some of the causes of low pulse rate include:
- Aging – This is the primary cause of below normal pulse rate due to several aging changes tn the heart and arteries’ walls. So, a slow heart rate is very common in aged people.
- Heart Diseases – Due to heart diseases like heart attack, inflammation of the lining surrounding the heart, ischemic coronary artery disease can lead to a slower pulse rate.
- Electrolyte Imbalance – Increases level of potassium or electrolyte imbalance, and hypothyroidism can adversely impact your heart’s electrical impulses, which can also one of the causes of slow pulse rate.
- Medications – The medications used for hypertension and other heart disorders can also hamper the pulse rate and make it slow. Medicines like digoxin and beta-blockers can lead to a slower pulse rate.
Low pulse rate is also common in people suffering from the condition referred to as hypothermia. This condition occurs in people that are exposed to serious freezing conditions. Infectious fever-like diphtheria, typhoid, and influenza can also make your pulse rate slower.
Symptoms of Low Pulse Rate
People with slow pulse rates are likely to experience a variety of Bradycardia symptoms. Your body’s brain and other essential organs will never receive a sufficient amount of oxygen as required when you have a slow pulse rate. Low pulse rate is itself a symptom of different medical conditions. However, the slow pulse rate can be permanent in some cases, while in some cases, it alleviates automatically. Some of the common symptoms of a slow pulse rate include:
- Weakness, dizziness, fatigue on slight exertion
- Chest pain
- Shortness of breath
- Pain in jaw
- Getting tired easily with physical activity
- Confusion or memory issues
- Loss of consciousness
- Pale skin, tongue, and face
- The momentary blurring of vision
- Low rate of pulse accompanied by cyanosis
Treatment for Low Pulse Rate
The treatment offered to patients with a slow pulse rate is based on the underlying causes of slow pulse rates. The treatment also depends on symptoms that the patient is experiencing, along with a slow pulse rate. If no serious symptoms are noticed, then no treatment is required. If the slow pulse rate s due to other medical conditions or diseases, then treatment for slow pulse rate will focus on bringing the heart rate to be normal so that the system can get sufficient blood and oxygen.
If the reason for the slow pulse rate is due to a damaged heart’s electrical system, then your doctor will prescribe to have a pacemaker, which is the best treatment for a slow pulse rate in such a condition. The pacemaker is a medical device placed beneath your skin through surgery, and its role is to correct the heart rate or pulse rate and bring it back to normal range. Aged individuals with slow pulse rates are often prescribed to have a pacemaker. People with other medical conditions like electrolyte imbalance or hypothyroidism can easily treat a slow pulse rate by treating them with medicines.
If drugs are the underlying cause of slow pulse rate, then your healthcare provider will adjust the doses or prescribe you an alternative to bring back the pulse rate to normal. If no alternative drugs are available and no adjustment can be done to the doses of drugs, then placing a pacemaker would be the final treatment for slow pulse rate.