Women are blessed with the ability to give birth to a new life. The reproductive system of a woman that include ovaries, fallopian tube, and uterus, holds and nurtures the life within. And as a woman, we all know that we will get our periods at regular intervals of time. We cannot avoid that heavy and bloated feeling for those 6-7 days. Though the number of days varies from women to women but till now, we all know the basics of periods. We are well aware of the precautions, dos, and don’ts of those days. We prepare well in advance and make all the arrangements for all that we require on those days. We make or shift our plans accordingly. But what if you find a blood spot before your periods? You may start worrying that your internal reproductive system is not in good health. It is the stain in your panty before your scheduled period or at the point when you are not anticipating your standard month to month cycle. It isn’t as hefty or more steady as your standard periods. Yet, it is sufficient to stun you. For this situation, it is essential for you to notice the sort of spot you got.
Earthy colored spotting
Notice the shade of the spot. On the off chance that it is earthy colored in shading, at that point, it could be a manifestation of a condition called a polycystic ovarian disorder, menopause, or contamination.
Pink or red spotting
These kinds of spots may be due to ovulation. It may also be possible that you are pregnant. Go for a pregnancy test kit in such a condition. Visit the doctor to strengthen the case.
Let us discuss common reasons for spotting before periods or in between periods.
- First period ever – the first few years of menstruation for young girls is like a war between mixed feelings, cramps, and irregular periods. Untimely spotting is very common among girls, and it is just a hormonal change in the growing body where the uterine lining sheds at the wrong time of the month. It is amongst one of the many changes that a young body will become a complete woman.
- Contraception – different forms of birth control are used by millions of women. And if you are starting, switching, or stopping with some birth control, then spotting can be one of the side effects. The uterus lining is kept in place by the hormone called estrogen. The birth control methods try to regulate the estrogen level in the body by various means, which lead to spotting before periods. This side effect may last upto three months. Beyond which, you should consult the doctor. You may find an unwanted spot even if you missed to swallow the contraceptive pill. Intrauterine device (IUD) may also cause spotting with cramps before periods.
- Menopause – if you are nearing menopause, you may have read or brown spotting and light bleeding before periods. This kind of spotting is called perimenopause. Once you are nearing menopause, your periods become quite irregular. You may experience spotting a week or two before your periods. During menopause, your body goes through a lot of changes that may cause stress to you. You may suffer from hot flashes, lower energy levels, and anxiety.
- Vaginal dryness –change in estrogen level may lead to vaginal dryness. Vaginal dryness is the most common cause of spots. Your vagina feels itchy, dry, and irritated due to the change in estrogen level in the body. Women who are reaching menopause have lower estrogen levels, which leads to a thinner vaginal tissue layers and a reduction in lubricant glands, which very much leads to vaginal dryness.
- Stress – stress is the cause of many diseases in the body, leave alone spotting. Extreme emotional and psychological stress can cause spotting before periods. Stress causes the imbalance of hormones in your body and may also lead to irregular periods.
- Thyroid disease –change in thyroid level in your body, can also cause spotting before periods. Hypothyroidism may lead to extreme tiredness, depression, muscle and joint pain, irregular periods, and spotting. You may also experience excessive bleeding during your menstrual cycle.
- Ovarian cyst – these are the small sacs that are filled with liquid and develop in the ovaries. If due to any reason they rupture, then it may cause severe pain, spotting, and sometimes excessive bleeding. This cyst sometimes resolves on their own, but in some cases, they have to be surgically removed so that they don’t cause serious problems.
- Abortion – you may observe light spotting or heavy bleeding for the first week of abortion. When fetal tissues remain in your uterus or your uterus has not contracted to its normal size, there may be spotting.
- Pelvic inflammatory disease –this infection is a result of contracting a sexually transmitted disease. PID can cause brown spotting before your periods. It is caused by a bacterial infection. It causes inflammation and infection in the uterus, ovaries, and fallopian tubes.
- Cancer – abnormal spotting is a very common symptom of cancer in women’s reproductive system. Apart from irregular spotting, bloating, abdominal pain, and desire for frequent urination are the symptoms of cancer in the reproductive system.
- Uterine fibroid –fibroids are the growth of non-cancerous tissues in and around the uterus. Sometimes they are present, but due to their small size, they hardly make a difference. Fibroids that grow larger apply pressure to the uterus, which may cause spotting before the menstrual cycle.
Vaginal infection can be avoided by following the basic rules of hygiene. Use a public toilet with great care. Keep your private part in a clean and healthy condition. By maintaining a healthy lifestyle, you can ensure a healthy reproductive system. Keeping a check on your diet and exercising regularly should be your top priority. But over-exercising has its side effects. It is always advisable to visit the doctor and seek medical help if the problem persists for long period.