Partial knee replacement surgeries can often be required by people suffering from bone or joint problems, especially those over 50. However, like any other surgical procedure, partial knee replacement involves its risks, issues, and recovery period. We will tell you about the complications and recovery time associated with partial knee replacement and will give you all the information that you need.
Partial knee replacement surgeries can be required due to several different health-related issues or reasons, the most common of these being the weakening of bones and the development of osteoarthritis with age.
While most knee joint replacement surgeries are free of any complications, about 5% of them still result in the development of some issues.
However still, these problems are almost always minor and can be easily treated with complete success. In general, the breakdown will deliver a few side effects that cause distresses, for example, creating extreme issues in the stomach territory, sickness, fever, and a few others.
Certain factors like age and general health tend to determine and affect the likeliness of occurrence of any complications resultant due to the surgery. For instance, a younger patient won’t be as likely as an older patient to suffer any consequential complications due to the surgery. Moreover, the drugs and medications used regularly in hospitals can also have certain side-effects, which may alter the risks of complications after a surgery, which is why it is important to discuss their usage with your doctor or surgeon before the operation. This article will tell you about partial knee replacement recovery: complications, problems, and time associated with the recovery from the effects of the operative procedures.
Complications That May Occur After Partial Knee Replacement Surgeries
Partial knee replacement surgeries, as we had earlier pointed out, are often entirely safe and without any complications. However, 1 in every 20 surgeries can tend to end up in minor issues or complications. These complications caused by partial knee replacement surgeries are often minor enough to be treated easily and without many secondary health problems. These can include the development of blood clots, damage to body tissues, infection, dislocation, and other problems caused by preexisting health issues, use of drugs or medicines, general health, biological reactions to the invasive procedure, or surgical or operational inaccuracies.
The following are some complications that may be caused by partial knee replacement surgeries:
- Blood Clots: Blood clotting can sometimes occur in the deep veins of the legs after surgeries, and this condition is known as deep vein thrombosis or DVT. The development of blood clots after surgeries can often result in swelling and pain. However, deep vein thrombosis carries the potential to induce a lot more serious and even fatal consequence, which is why traveling soon after surgeries are avoided and warned about. Hopefully, clotting of the blood can be prevented by using certain special stockings, heparin or other drug injections, foot exercise pumps, and other appropriate tools and methods.
- Pain: Some pain usually remains after surgeries; however, it usually eases and gets fixed in a few months. The pain may, in few cases, remain or even take other forms. This pain is not always caused by technical factors, which is why it cannot usually be treated by repeating the operation. Some hospitals even have ‘pain clinics’ to help patients out with this.
- Dislocation: If the operation involves using a mobile, plastic bearing, there is a really small chance of dislocation of the knee. Treating this issue requires further surgical knee operations.
- Bleeding: It is normal for some blood to leak from surgical wounds after its collections in the operated area. While this stops within a couple of days after the operation, blood can sometimes collect under the skin. This collection of blood can either discharge by itself or may require surgical procedures to do so.
- The fracturing of Bones: This is rare but may sometimes occur after a minor fall or collision in the bone around the replaced joint. This usually happens a few months or years after the surgery and requires further surgical treatments for fixing replacement components and bone fractures.
- Wound Infection: There is a very small, 2% chance that a surgical would get infected. This can usually be treated with antibiotics; however, about 1% of patients can develop deeper infections, requiring removing the new joint. Any extremely serious consequences, such as a requirement to remove the leg below the knee, is an extremely unusual and rarecomplication of knee replacement surgeries.
Problems Associated with Partial Knee Replacement Surgeries
While people who undergo partial knee replacement surgeries experience dramatic recovery, there still are certain problems that usually develop or appear soon after the surgery.
- Pain: Pain can seldom be avoided after surgical procedures. Patients experience pain after partial knee replacement surgeries; however, this pain often disappears gradually, within a few months from surgical operation.
- Hospital Stay: Due to the biological and physical vulnerabilities produced by such invasive medical procedures, patients may need to spend some time in hospitals to recover completely from the surgery.
- Immobility: Partial knee replacement surgeries tend to affect mobility for some time. Patients might be unable to show excessive movement due to discomfort and might take some time to begin walking without any support.
- Risks of Damage: There are usually risks of having further damage caused to the previously operated area by carrying out excessive or stressful movement involving that organ.
- Vulnerability to Clotting: Surgeries below the waist area are vulnerable to blood clotting.
The recovery period for partial knee replacement surgeries is relatively short. People who undergo the surgery often experience dramatic recovery, and the period is taken for a complete recovery is around six months. There are certain issues that can take some time for recovery, but they usually heal drastically within this period, and the patient can continue with normal body activity again.
Any prolonged issues or complications are extremely rare and affect only a very small percentage of individuals who undergo such surgical procedures. The rarity of complications increases with their severity.