Every living creature is subjected to cellular damage or deterioration in the cells, which makes it worthwhile to look into the scientific aspects of why aging occurs. This aging process as a result of the generation of free radicals in the body may lead to more severe side effects that may be cancerous as well. There are various outcomes that may be propelled up by the oxidation process in the body, such as:
- Several diseases
- And the commonest of all is aging
There remains a hidden picture of biological processes that may create many problems with the normal functioning of the body.
What are the free radicals?
You need to know what these radicals are about. Are they harmful or not? Can they prove to be carcinogenic or not? Are the free radicals trouble for your good health? These are the question that may prop up in your mind and, if left unanswered, prove to be fatal for you. So have a look at what these radicals are all about.
The role of oxygen in free radicals needs to be considered on a priority basis. Free radicals are atoms with the odd number of electrons and are formed when oxygen reacts with the molecules. That is how the radicals are formed in your body and akin to the dominoes; a chain reaction gets initiated in the body. What remains a threat is that these highly reactive radicals start to react with the important cellular structures in the body like DNA or cell membrane.
To reduce the free radicals, oxygen also plays a crucial role; this becomes evident when one talks about the types of radicals, which are as follows:
The terminology here refers to the charge that the free radicals have on them.
How are free radicals activated in the bodies?
There are many causes behind the action of free radical generation in the body which need to be looked into:
- Immune system: When there are pathogens encountered by the body, then radicals are generated by the immune system.
- Inflammation leads to the generation of some compounds that release free radicals
- Stress is the killer that makes the body to produce free radicals as the toxic compounds
- Pollution remains a potent cause of free radical generation
- Too much exposure to the radiation may lead to the occurrence of free radicals in the body
- Poor diet, too much coffee, and fad food also contribute to free radicals
- Substance or drug abuse and the use of toxins is responsible for this process
Primarily the above are the causes that trigger the generation of the free radicals in the body and are quite harmful to the biological processes, thus causing harm.
How oxygen plays a crucial role in cutting down free radicals in the body?
Here the real picture starts, now we shall consider how the Oxygen Antioxidant: Role of Oxygen to Reduce Free Radicals comes into the big picture. As aforesaid, there are a number of free radicals in the body, and all have their different types too. But for the biological systems of ours, the most important ones are those which are derived from the compounds of oxygen.
These groups of free radicals are also known by the name of reactive oxygen species. Oxygen consists of electrons that are unpaired and reside in the orbitals of the outer shell of the atom. It is this formation, which makes it susceptible to react and form radicals.
When there is observed the addition of the electrons in the oxygen, then only the reactive oxygen species are formed, which have got three different variants:
- Hydroxyl radical
- Superoxide anion
These reactive oxygen species help to fight the free radicals in the body, and this is where oxygen cuts down the free radicals in the body.
How reactive oxygen compounds help our bodies?
Looking into the role of oxygen curbing the free radicals in the body is a bit complex, but we intend to bring you this aspect in the most interesting ways. To delve deeper into the aspects of the free radicals and how the life-giving compound helps save us. There are some effects which are played by oxygen that helps to cut down the generation of the free radicals that may prove to be very harmful.
There is a picture painted about the reactive oxygen compounds that are not apt for the bodies, but there is another side of the coin. Pathogens keep invading our bodies, and it is these reactive compounds of oxygen that help to kill these pathogens.
The threat is seen primarily because it is the free electron in the free radicals, which may prove to be the killer, and the case is the same for the radicals formed from oxygen, but these are not that bad at all.
Cell protection enzymes and oxygen
There are many enzymes in the body that are produced and help in protecting the cells as well. Effective oxygen compounds and free radicalshave a role to play; when the enzymes are produced, the oxides are converted into oxygen and some other compound. This break in the compounds leads to the generation of compounds that are less toxic and ultimately helps in reducing the toxicity in the body that gets accumulated as a result of the generation of free radicals. The treatment includes dispensing with this impediment; nonetheless, the treatment might be careful or moderate contingent upon how serious the condition is.
It has been observed that when there is a higher concentration of oxygen in the body, then the enzymes’ presence also increases. This leads to a balance that results in flushing out the toxicity in the body and ultimately makes the biological functioning more healthy and free from the presence of any reactive molecules. So to see in totality, it becomes a have a clear picture in mind about the misconception which surrounds the oxygen and its role in oxidation.